Manual handling activities involve the transporting or supporting of a load, which include lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, restraining or holding manually using human energy and forces. These activities contribute to 40% of reported musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) cases in Malaysia. MSDs often involve strains and sprains mainly to the lower back, shoulder, and upper limbs. They can result in protracted pain, disability, medical treatment and financial stress for those afflicted with them. Often, employers find themselves paying the bill, either directly or through employee’s compensation insurance, at the same time they must cope with the loss of the full capacity of their employees.

According to Social Security Organization (SOCSO), number of MSDs cases related to manual handling activities increase from 2009 to 2014 (Refer Figure 1.1).
This contributes to the increase of total compensation cost to the employees
(Refer Figure 1.2).

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These Guidelines are prepared by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), for the guidance to recognize manual handling tasks and choose an effective option for reducing their risks.

It provides general guidance for employers and employees on the identification, assessment and control of ergonomic risks factors associated with the manual handling task in order to reduce the likelihood of employees of getting manual handling related injuries and disorders.


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